Foley catheterization


A Foley catheter is a small, sterile tube used to drain urine from the bladder. It's also known as an indwelling catheter because it can be retained in the bladder for a long time. The catheter is kept in place by a balloon at the end that is filled with sterile water to prevent it from being removed. The urine drains into a bag through the catheter tube, which is drained once it is full. Foley's catheterization is the procedure for inserting a catheter.

What is Foley catheterization:

Foley's catheterization is a commonly used clinical procedure to ensure proper urine outflow. When a urinary catheter cannot be easily inserted, a thorough grasp of anatomic variables that may affect catheter placement, as well as a basic working knowledge of various urine catheterization procedures, can help providers enable urinary bladder decompression successfully. Its goal is to evaluate and manage problematic urinary catheterizations, as well as to improve the treatment for men and women who have to undergo this procedure.

A Foley catheterization is used to treat a variety of illnesses, procedures, and difficulties, including the following:

  • Urinary hesitation, straining to urinate, decrease in the size and force of the urinary stream, interruption of the urinary stream, and the sense of incomplete emptying are all symptoms of urinary retention.
  • The urethra is obstructed by an anatomical disorder that makes it difficult to urinate: prostate hypertrophy, prostate cancer, or urethral constriction.

What are the types of Foley catheterization?                                

There are many types of foley catheterization, and it's important to know which one best suits your needs. Here's a quick reference guide to the various types of foley catheterization available.

Male catheterization: In comparison to the female urethra, the male urethra is longer. While lying down or in the frog-legged position, a catheter is inserted. If a foreskin exists, it is retracted to its maximum extent. Through the urethra, a Foley catheter lubricated with water-soluble jelly is introduced into the bladder. The balloon is in the bladder once the catheter has been passed. The syringe is then carefully pumped with roughly 10cc of water.

Female catheterization: In comparison to the male urethra, the female urethra is rather short. The catheter can be inserted more easily if the patient is lying on his or her back, with both the buttocks at the examination table's edge. Elevating and supporting the legs with stirrups or positioning them in a frog-legged stance allows for enough urethral exposure. The labia are then split to reveal the urethra.

Indwelling catheterization: An indwelling urinary catheter is introduced similarly to an intermittent catheter, but it remains in place. A water-filled balloon keeps the catheter in place in the bladder and prevents it from falling out. Foley catheters are the name for these sorts of catheters. Indwelling refers to being inside your body. The pee from your bladder is drained into a bag outside your body by this catheter. Urine incontinence, urinary retention, surgery that necessitated the catheter or another health issue are all common reasons for an indwelling catheter.


The enormous clinical, social, and economic costs of using the Foley catheter for long-term urine drainage are accurate. Regrettably, the scientific community, relevant commercial enterprises, and regulatory authorities have all failed to find a viable answer. The most common reasons for using a foley catheterization are to relieve urine retention and to rest the bladder.


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